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Lowton West Primary School

 

Science at Lowton West

 

At Lowton West, we aim to give all our children an understanding of the world around them. When children are studying science at the primary level, they should be acquiring specific skills and knowledge to help them to think scientifically, to gain an understanding of scientific processes and also an understanding of the uses and implications of science, today and for the future.

When teaching science, scientific enquiry skills are embedded in each topic the children study with the aim of helping them to ask and answer questions about the world around them. All children are encouraged to develop and use a range of skills including observations, planning and investigations. Specialist vocabulary for topics is taught and built up, and effective questioning to communicate ideas is encouraged. Concepts taught should be reinforced by focusing on the key features of scientific enquiry, so that pupils learn to use a variety of approaches to answer relevant scientific questions.

Through planned science topics, pupils develop the following types of scientific enquiry at Lowton West: observing over time; pattern seeking; identifying, classifying and grouping; comparative and fair testing (controlled investigations); and researching using secondary sources. We aim, through our teaching, for our children to develop an interest and enthusiasm for Science.

We also encourage our children to apply their mathematical knowledge to their understanding of Science, including collecting, presenting and analysing data.

Furthermore, we aim to embed cross-curricular opportunities within our science curriculum, especially mathematics and writing opportunities, e.g. writing explanations, report writing, writing instructions, etc.

 

Science at Key Stage 1

During Key Stage 1 pupils observe, explore and ask questions about living things, materials and phenomena. They begin to work together to collect evidence to help them ask and answer questions and link this to simple scientific ideas. They evaluate evidence and consider whether tests or comparisons are fair. They use reference materials to find out more about scientific ideas. They share their ideas and communicate them using scientific language, drawings, charts and tables.

 

Science at Key Stage 2

During Key Stage 2 pupils learn about a wider range of living things, materials and phenomena. They begin to make links between ideas and to explain things using simple models and theories. They apply their knowledge and understanding of scientific ideas to familiar phenomena, everyday things and their personal health. They begin to think about the positive and negative effects of scientific and technological developments on the environment and in other contexts. They carry out more systematic investigations, working on their own and with others, setting up practical enquiries, comparatives and fair tests. They use a range of reference sources in their work, making predictions and conclusions and suggesting improvements. They talk about their work and its significance, and communicate ideas using a wide range of scientific language, oral and written explanations, conventional diagrams, charts and graphs.

 

Year Group

Autumn

Spring

Summer

Reception

Naming body parts/our skeleton

 

How we change as we grow

 

Keeping healthy-exercise and food

 

Observing seasonal changes/ weather

Naming different parts of the plant

 

Looking at the conditions a plant needs to grow

 

Looking at where different plants grow (desert islands)

 

Observing seasonal changes/ weather

Naming different insects

 

Looking at and comparing habitats

 

Comparing how minibeasts travel

 

Animal families - comparing wild animals and domestic animals

 

Naming our five senses

 

Observing seasonal changes/ weather

 

Year One

Ourselves: identify, name, label and draw the basic parts of the body and explain which part of the body is associated with each sense.

 

Seasonal Changes: observe changes across the four seasons, weather associated with the seasons and how day length varies

Everyday materials: identifying everyday materials, physical properties (describe, compare & group materials)

 

Plants: common wild and garden plants, inc. deciduous and evergreen trees; identify and describe the basic structure of a variety of common flowering plants, inc. trees

Animals: common animals inc. fish, amphibians, reptiles, birds and mammals, carnivores, herbivores, omnivores

 

Seasonal Changes: observe changes across the four seasons, weather associated with the seasons and how day length varies

Year Two

Plants: observe how seeds and bulbs grown into mature plants; what plants need to grow and stay healthy

 

Seasonal changes: exploring seasonal changes in the local area

Use of everyday materials: everyday materials and their uses; squashing, bending, twisting and stretching

 

Living things and their habitats: living, dead and things that have never been alive; habitats and adaptation; food chains

Animals including humans: animals, inc. humans grown into adults; basic needs of animals; food, exercise and hygiene

 

Seasonal changes: exploring seasonal changes in the school garden, school grounds, conducting a bug hunt

Year Three

Forces and magnets: finding out how things move on different surfaces; investigating magnets – attract and repel, grouping materials

Animals, including humans: finding out how animals need nutrition from what they eat

 

Seasonal changes: exploring the school grounds and garden

Rocks: rocks and their appearance and properties; how fossils are formed; how is soil made

 

Plants: functions of different parts of plants; requirements of plants for life and growth; investigating how is water transported within plants; learning about the life cycle of flowering plants including pollination, seed formation & seed dispersal

 

Animals, including humans : Movement- investigating how skeletons and muscles support, protect and move

 

Light: investigating how we need light to see things; reflection; learning about eye protection from the sun; investigating how are shadows formed and how shadows change size

 

Seasonal changes: exploring the school grounds and garden

 

Year Four

States of Matter: solids, liquids and gases; heating & cooling; water cycle & evaporation/ condensation

 

Electricity: appliances that run on electricity; simple series circuits; open and closed circuits; conductors and insulators

 

Sound: sounds are made from vibrations; sounds travel through the ear; pitch, volume

 

Testing an Hypothesis

 

 

Living things and their habitats: classification keys; impact of changing environment on living things

 

Animals including humans: human digestive system; human teeth and functions; food chains inc. producers, predators & prey

Year Five

Forces: force of gravity; air resistance, water resistance & friction; levers, pulleys and gears

 

Earth & Space: solar system; movement of the Earth, Sun and Moon; rotation – day & night & apparent movement of the Sun

 

 

Properties and changes of materials: properties of materials (solubility, hardness, transparency, conductivity); dissolving; separating solids, liquids and gases (filtering, sieving & evaporating); reversible and irreversible changes

 

Living things and their habitats: life cycles – mammals, amphibians, insects, birds; life processes of reproduction – plants and animals

Animals, including humans: how humans develop through to old age (non-statutory inc. puberty)

Year Six

Light: travelling in straight lines; how we see things through reflected light; why shadows have the same shape as the objects that cast them

 

Revision:

Earth, Sun and Moon

 

Evolution and inheritance: how fossils provide information about living things that inhabited the Earth millions of years ago; how offspring can vary and are not identical; adaptation, inc. how this leads to evolution

 

Revision:

States of matter

The water cycle and it’s processes

Properties of materials

Reversible and irreversible materials

Electricity: changing brightness or volume through voltage; use recognised symbols when representing simple circuits

 

Animals including humans: human circulatory system and the heart; impact of diet, exercise, drugs and lifestyle; how nutrients and water are transported within animals, inc. humans

 

Living things and their habitats: classification inc. micro-organisms

 

 

Slag Lane, Warrington, Cheshire, WA3 2ED

01942 724865

enquiries@admin.lowtonwest.wigan.sch.uk